Monday, August 24, 2020

Tort Assignment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Tort Assignment - Essay Example Dickman. In Donoghue, Lord Atkin talked in his judgment: â€Å"You must take sensible consideration to maintain a strategic distance from acts or exclusions which you can sensibly anticipate would probably harm your neighbor. Who, at that point, in law is my neighbor? The appropriate response is by all accounts †people who are so intently and legitimately influenced by my demonstration that I should sensibly to have them in my examination as being so influenced when I am guiding my brain to the demonstrations or oversights which are called into questions.† ([1932] AC 562 at p 580). This is known as the Neighbor Principle. In Anns, Lord Wilberforce distinguished the misfortune endured by the complainants as material physical harm. Two (2) phases were set down to set up the commitment: (1) regardless of whether, in a sensible premonition of the litigant, absence of care may cause harm, injury or misfortune to the respondent. In the event that in the positive, at that point there is a by all appearances obligation to mind; and (2) if there should arise an occurrence of an agreed answer, is there a need to restrict the degree of said commitment. A case of the principal test is the uncovering of a major opening huge enough to suit a grown-up. By leaving the gap open, it very well may be sensibly anticipated that any visually impaired man with no buddy may fall on said gap. Without a doubt, there is a commitment with respect to the person who uncovered the entirety. Then again, a case of the subsequent test is the injury endured by a suspect of a burglary in the hands of a police officer who got him in the demonstration however endeavored to retaliate. In spite of the injury endured by the suspect, the police officer can't be held at risk in light of the fact that the injury was brought about by his presentation of obligation. In Caparo, the two tests set down in Anns were extended, including coming up next: is it reasonable for force upon the litigant th e commitment to mind towards the complainant? Applying the above standards in the moment case, the liabilities of the gatherings are as per the following: Arsane is obligated for his tortious demonstration. As referenced before, each individual is at risk for the results of his demonstrations. Here, Arsane knew as a woodworker that the wooden floor may have inflammable materials. He should comprehend that cigarette isn't permitted in the work environment since it can turn into a wellspring of fire. Probably, Arsane realizes his commitment to take great consideration of the premises just as the materials in that. An obligation to mind exists with respect to Arsane, as a laborer as well as a colleague. Be that as it may, since Arsane was a lot of removed by the music, he permitted himself to light a cigarette and much more awful, tossed the equivalent while still lit, inside! Such a demonstration of gross carelessness is unquestionably an away from of commitment to mind. Arsane has de finitely no safeguard to legitimize his tortious demonstration. Such a demonstration of carelessness caused extreme harm. Initially, to Sir Dino, who endured loss of properties and potential salary. Second, to Benger, who endured material physical harm because of loss of his correct foot. Be that as it may, Arsane can't be made subject for the anxious stun endured by Benger’s spouse, twin sister, and mother because of absence of closeness. In spite of the fact that the apprehensive stun endured by the three was legitimately identified with the injury endure

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Buddhism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Buddhism - Essay Example The strict way of thinking proliferates that the broadly mainstream thinking in unceasing soul, is an instance of 'mixed up character' where at least one of the skandhas are mixed up to be illustrative of an everlasting soul. These five skandhas include: Form (rupa); sentiments (vedana); recognition (sajna); volitional elements (samskaras); and awareness (vij-nana) ((Keown, 2003). Structure or 'rupa' alludes to the outer highlights or qualities of a human body, for example, structure or shading. Emotions or 'vedana' alludes to sensations; Perception or 'sajna' alludes to observations or mental pictures; volitional elements or ‘samskaras' alludes to the intensity of mental developments and discernment; and awareness or 'vij-nana' alludes to acknowledgment and judgment (Hirakawa and Groner, 1993: 44). This regulation further proposes that these five components or totals are fleeting in nature for example 'anitya', and subsequently subject to change. It is by virtue of this very e xplanation, that relationship with the idea of a lasting or constant 'self' is rendered bogus and any person who partners with this bogus thought of a perpetual self, is probably going to endure since fleeting things regularly bring about enduring for example 'dukha'. For a Buddhist, an individual is contained these five totals which are liable to change, and consequently and anything that is constant or lasting in nature can't be related with the idea of selfhood or personhood. Buddhism contends that this teaching of no autonomous self is related with the Buddhist precept of ward/molding beginning for example 'pratiyasumtpada' (Palmquist, 2010). In Buddhism, there is no sure pre-characterized idea of self. Be that as it may, the equivalent is characterized and clarified by method of a progression of temporary and reliant snapshots of cognizance (). For example, as indicated by the principle of molding beginning for example 'ratiyasumtpada' the idea of self doesn't exist freely all alone, since the thought of self is unfilled/void. The void of self in Buddhism doesn't infer non-presence of self, yet rather alludes to absence of independent self-nature for example 'nishvabhava'. Buddhism sets that the thought of personhood doesn't have an independent self presence, yet rather is an outcome of specific conditions or 'pratyayas'. In this manner the presence of personhood or self in Buddhism is reliant on a few different components, which are interconnected with one another and are for the most part found in encounters which an individual experiences (Palmquist, 2010). The precept of personhood in Buddhism alludes to the blasphemous view that people are talented with a genuine 'self'. Buddhism basically dismisses the idea of an interminable self or 'atman'. Different strict gatherings inside the religion, for example, the 'Vatsiputriyas' had advanced the thought of an everlasting self, in an offer to depict and clarify the mind boggling wonder of eternal life, res urrection and karma. Anyway as indicated by the Buddhist strict speculations, the idea of personhood which is revered inside the five totals, is gotten from and reliant on them (Keown, 2003). Another increasingly present day hypothesis on the convention of Persoonhood was created by a gathering known as the Pudgalavadins or the Personalists. This gathering was emphatically contradicted to the customary as well as universal idea of anatta or no-self-ness, since it was hard to appreciate and decipher. In opposition to the customary idea

Thursday, July 23, 2020

Be Your Own Friend Reflections on Growing Up Bookish and Male

Be Your Own Friend Reflections on Growing Up Bookish and Male Quiet, sensitive, and bookish boys have nothing. We really don’t. I understand, support, and appreciate the notion of quiet and bookish girls using their knowledge for power to usurp traditional expectations of women in most cultures, since knowledge is power and girls don’t have enough power. I just think it’s unfortunate that while we’ve tried to normalize girls and women in positions of power in a male-dominated world, we never normalized boys and men possessing quiet, sensitive, and bookish qualities. Boys are expected to be strong and play sportsâ€"not prefer books over people. I feel like I’ve been reading books for as long as my arm muscles could support them, and there have been very few occasions where I’ve found a character I can truly relate to. I gravitated towards books and knowledge very early onâ€"being an introverted only child was the perfect atmosphere for readingâ€"and those books became my armor as I started to grow up and realize that  not everyone takes books, reading, and knowledge as seriously as I always have. I might have struggled with math and science in school, but English class was always there to catch me when I fell. I never excelled at gym or any form of athletic extracurriculars despite my attemptsâ€"which was fine by my parents; they had no issue taking me out of basketball in favor of drama classes, since they were a better creative outlet. But by the time I reached high school, the fact that I was a boy who wasn’t skilled at any sport or any other acceptable form of masculine activity was all that mattered. It didn’t matter that I was always strong with reading and words and had a whole world inside my head for as long as I can remember. I knew this was true by the looks of my gym teacher and the looks of my parents when they told me to carry my books less effeminately. Books became my friends when I no longer had any, and the only fictional character who has ever come close to filling the void inside myself is Matilda Wormwood. I was in fourth grade when I first met Roald Dahl’s Matilda. Ignored, misunderstood, and bullied by her family, Matilda quickly takes solace in the books she reads at the library every day. Things change a little when she enters school and makes some friends, including her loving teacher Miss Honeyâ€"but they, too, are brought down by the horrible and scary headmistress, Miss Trunchbull. Later learning she possesses telekinetic powers, Matilda is able to exact revenge against the adults who’ve kept her down, as well as a system designed to ignore her. She becomes an unlikely hero and unstoppable force, using knowledge and imagination to defeat her bullies. This is what has made Matilda resonate with many readers and transformed the novel (and its 1996 film adaption) into timeless classics. I understand that a lot of the discourse surrounding Matilda’s legacy rightfully comes from the approach that Matilda represents a young girl finding a way to express her power and her rage in a culture that generally prevents girls and women from doing so. I understand that Matilda has surely resonated with young girls who see themselves in the character. But for me, Matilda represents embracing the qualities that an otherwise unforgiving, extroverted world tosses aside, especially for boys. That remarkable things come from hiding away with books. That it’s okay to be sensitive and different from others. That you can be your own friend. Matilda also taught us that emotions are important and real; that it’s okay to feel angry or sad. And the way she took the anger and sadness from being misunderstood and turned it into a power will always inspire me more than anything in this world. Both the book and the film have brought me immeasurable comfort in the darkest of times, and I c an never be grateful enough.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Essay about Witchcraft, Murder and Ghosts in Macbeth

Witchcraft, Murder and Ghosts in Macbeth A notable point within Shakespeare’s play Macbeth is the use of the three witches in the opening scene. The number of witches for a contemporary audience can go unnoticed. However in the time that Shakespeare the symbolic meaning of the number three was important, as it symbolized unluckiness and when remembering the fear of the unnatural and being unlucky (epitomized by such historical events as the rage of witch trials within Britain). This is not the only symbolism within the play, the use of the disparity between light and dark is an important concept. We can perhaps see the parallel between the horror movies of today, and the images of witchcraft, murder and ghosts of the past.†¦show more content†¦The number three also came up in other contexts. Porter: ... drink, sir, is a great provoker of three things. (II,iii,23) On the surface, the porters statement may seem like nonsense from a drunken fool, giving the play a brief break from the dark nature of the act, but one can read into the statement further. In this scene, Shakespeare is taking pains to remind us through his combination of the number three and drinking that drunkenness plays a major role in the events of the act that unfold. For example, Lady Macbeth: That which hath made them drunk hath made me bold, What hath quenchd them hath given me fire. (II,ii,1-2) As aforementioned the symbolism in the play includes that of both light and darkness. Macbeths insomnia resulting from the pressing guilt and Lady Macbeths nocturnal excursions while asleep are examples. Macbeth was unable to hide in the dark from the horrors of his deeds and he was haunted by the fear of discovery. Lady Macbeth, on the other hand, was afraid of the dark and was using the light in an attempt to dispel her demons. Doctor: How came she by that light? Gentlewoman: Why, it stood by her: she has light by her continually; tis her command. (V,i,24-25) Furthermore Shakespeare uses sunlight and darkness in contrast to intensify our understanding of his guilt. Old Man: Threescore and ten I can remember well;Show MoreRelatedImportance Of Shakespeare s Macbeth 1519 Words   |  7 Pages Importance of the Witches in Macbeth by William Shakespeare Throughout all of history, witches are known for practicing magic and creating prophecies to predict any future. In any scene involving witches, it is important to know their role in the play, whether they change the outcome of the play or simply influenced it, and the supernatural features the play comes along with in its time. In No Fear Shakespeare Macbeth by William Shakespeare, the play starts out withRead MoreShakespeares Use of the Supernatural in Macbeth Essay1249 Words   |  5 PagesShakespeares Use of the Supernatural in Macbeth When Shakespeare wrote Macbeth in the early 1600s the King of England was James I. James was king of Scotland too. He ruled in Scotland before coming king in England in 1603 as well. James was supposed to have descended from the real Banquo. Some people often think that Shakespeare wanted to flatter James I by writing this play by showing James that he was nothing like Macbeth. In Shakespeares play Macbeth it has been discovered thatRead MoreDarkness within macbeth756 Words   |  4 Pages How is the theme of darkness portrayed in the play â€Å"Macbeth?† The play Macbeth expresses the consistent theme of darkness as a constant foreshadow of the actions in which Macbeth is to conduct further on into the play. One instance of how the theme is expressed is through the way darkness is presented in the very first scene. This scene of the play is consistently portraying dark weathers such as thunder and lightning. The weather used in this scene of the play shows how darkness triumphs overRead MoreSupernatural Elements Of Macbeth By William Shakespeare1076 Words   |  5 PagesSupernatural Forces In Macbeth 1)Even today people struggle with whether or not to believe in supernatural forces, such as ghosts or witchcraft, but those who would admit that they let the supernatural guide their behaviors and predict their futures would be harder to find. 2) Shakespeare’s play, Macbeth, takes place during medieval times when many people believed strongly in the presence and power of witchcraft and in the supernatural. 3) In Macbeth, Shakespeare uses three witches, a floating daggerRead MoreThe Horror Of William Shakespeare s Macbeth1409 Words   |  6 Pagesto sleep peacefully and grow goosebumps all over the body. In the modern day, fascination with ghost and the supernatural is becoming a thing. More and more people produce horror films with unique plotlines and crazy ideas. Although the superstitions and beliefs of the old century still lives, the horror of today is not the same as the horror of yesterday, such as Shakespeare’s abominable works. Macbeth is a dark and horror play written by the great William Shakespeare in the 1600s. Like any otherRead MoreEssay on James I influence in Shakespeares Writing1519 Words   |  7 PagesThis period was very authoritarian but later the Renaissance unlocked opportunities to the imagination and the idea of supernatural started to bloom. Although, the supernatural is sometime mistaken with the gods of certain religions, believing in ghosts and witches was independent from the people chosen religion. The question of the existence of the supernatural, or something bigger than us, in 16th century Europe focused mainly on God from the Christian perspective. During this time other supernaturalRead MoreMacbeth Major Work Notes1241 Words   |  5 PagesMacbeth Major Works Notes 1. Title: The Tragedy of Macbeth, Author: William Shakespeare, Nationality: English, Date of original publication: 1623, no translator (â€Å"SparkNotes†) 2. Setting: Macbeth took place during the eleventh century (The Middle Ages) (â€Å"SparkNotes†), briefly in England, but mainly in Scotland. The social environment valued friendship among free, white,, and relatively equal men. There was a significant amount of religious conflict, women were held as inferior to men, and the monarchRead MoreEssay on Superstition in William Shakespeares Macbeth1284 Words   |  6 PagesSuperstition in William Shakespeares Macbeth Throughout Elizabethan times, Witches and witchcraft were considered to be in existence. Seeing a large proportion of the female community being condemned to death, which involved either drowning, hanging or being burnt at the stake was quite plausible at this time. Such savage practices were urged on by macabre and fevered fantasy of the supernaturalRead More Supernatural in Shakespeares Macbeth - Supernatural Forces Essay example775 Words   |  4 PagesThe Supernatural in Macbeth      Ã‚   In Macbeth, there are many sections that refer to the involvement of the supernatural.   The use of the supernatural in the script, the witches, the visions, the ghost of Banquo, and the apparitions, are key elements making the concept of the play work and in making the play interesting.   Witches, spirits, ghosts and apparitions are a major factor in developing the play.         Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The use of the supernatural occurs at the beginning of the play, withRead MoreDelhi Metro1656 Words   |  7 PagesShakespeare 4 Kidz MACBETH Rumbling Thunder sets the mood for the opening of the show. Three figures emerge from the shadows. They are three Witches – or Weird Sisters – foretellers of the future (The Opening). They look forward to meeting Macbeth. At King Duncan’s camp near Forres, a wounded sergeant tells of Macbeth’s heroics in battles against Macdonald and the rebels, while Ross reports that King Sweno of Norway and the traitorous Thane of Cawdor have also been defeated by Macbeth. The witches wait

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Descriptive Essay - Original Writing - 1699 Words

Hurrying over to the creek with a can of corn, my father’s friend, Steve, my dad, and myself all had a tiny pole in our hands. Every time one of us dunked our corn-on-a-hook, a creek chub would snap snap snap at it, and we’d have another piece of bait for the real fishing journey. After we snagged enough creek chubs, we headed to the Illinois river. The three of us drove for what seemed to be forever, but finally made it. As we pulled into the parking space, my dad and I went through our mental checklist. â€Å"Go ahead and slip your life-jacket on.† â€Å"Yeah, don’t forget that!† â€Å"Uh...wasn’t it in the back of the truck, Dad?† I had scavenged all over the truck, but it was nowhere to be seen. â€Å"Oh NO! We left it in the boat, I think. Because†¦show more content†¦Steve finally jammed the boat plug into place after fifteen minutes, and we were set. We sat for hours on end, with no bites, just sitting in the dark snacking on food, when, out of the blue, there was a little tugging at the end of my pole. I knew what was coming, and at five years old I was surprisingly patient. I waited and waited until my pole totally bent over, signaling the perfect time to set the hook. However, nothing ever really took off with the bait, but just nibbled around the hook, where I couldn’t get it. I finally gave up, and put fresh bait on the hook. My father, his friend Steve, and I hurried over to a nearby creek with a can of corn and a tiny pole in our hands. Every time one of us dunked our corn-on-a-hook, a creek chub would snap snap snap at it, and we’d have another piece of bait for the real fishing journey. After we snagged enough creek chubs, we headed to the Illinois river. The three of us drove for what seemed to be forever, but finally made it. As we pulled into the parking space, my dad and I went through our mental checklist. â€Å"Go ahead and slip your life-jacket on.† â€Å"Yea, don’t forget that!† â€Å"Uh...wasn’t it in the back of the truck, Dad?† I had scavenged all over the truck, but it was nowhere to be seen. â€Å"Oh NO! We left it in the boat, I think. Because we had to move it to fit the cooler inside the truck, and it must have flown away while we were driving!†Show MoreRelatedDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1110 Words   |  5 PagesI don’t know how I got to where I am, but I’m here now, and I have to win if I want to live. I am in a game, and in order to live, I have to escape. That’s the thing, though: I don’t know how to escape. I was running for my life around this old house that looked like it came straight out of a horror movie. I doubled over and held my head in pain as I saw the static, which meant it was coming. I was being chased by what looked like a person but in no way acted like one. Just as it was about to appearRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Wri ting1102 Words   |  5 PagesIt is on days like this when we stop to think about our life. Small drops of rain begin to dapple the cobblestone pavement as people whip out their umbrellas for cover. I continue sauntering down the busy street, relishing the feeling of a light shower. Moving with the mass of pedestrians, I stop at a crosswalk where I wait for the stoplight to turn green. A flower shop employee across the street scurries to bring in the numerous bouquets and close the doors as rain starts rolling down the displayRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing914 Words   |  4 PagesDreamy I thought. Standing on the corner is a young guy with a smile. I see him here almost every day, so I linger for a while. He tells me his name, and I tell him mine. I m Ester, what s your name? I enquired. My names David .,He replied. We end up talking for a while and I asked him if he had ever left this city. He tells me of all these stories of the places where he s been, the di stant lakes and mountains, and in valleys oh so green. I can see it in his eyes, he really has beenRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing974 Words   |  4 Pages I was used to moving round, having a mother who liked to travel more than making roots was something I had gotten used to. Still, I had never gotten used to the loneliness of an empty house when she was out exploring, or the feeling of leaving behind someone who could have meant something to me. Our most recent move was Oregon. It was pretty, and I didn’t mind it, but it was much different than Florida. Not only was it opposite sides of the country, it felt as if it were opposite worlds. InRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1012 Words   |  5 Pageshave plenty of time in the next month to think about my feeling in regards to Kendrick. I needed to finish up the article and get it off to my editor. I should be able to get it done by tonight and send an email in the morning. I was thinking of writing my next article about the sea life around the Scottish coast. Since our salmon dinner last evening I thought I would do a piece about the commercial salmon farming that began in Scotland in 1969. In 2002 over 145,000 metric tons of farmed AtlanticRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1561 Words   |  7 PagesThere’s something I need to say and what follows may not be something that you’d expect, it won’t be heartening or uplifting. If you remember today, I told you about going somewhere I wanted to go to†¦ I’m not sure if you believed and accepted what I now confess as untrue; it is partly. I needed to pull away emo tionally†¦ from you. You must have had fathomed that some degree of formality had seeped between us. Born of habit, formulaic greetings had become a routine. You presume that I’m a close friendRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1387 Words   |  6 PagesI was wearing a beautiful blue dress with sapphire gems all around the chest area as I entered the ball with Ciel and Sebastian. I took a good look around here, the hallway was lined with gold. There was a servant ready to escort us to the ball room. Hello, come this way. He said, walking forward. Wow, this place is so fancy! I exclaimed, looking around. It s fake gold. Ciel bluntly replied, bringing my hopes down. I sighed. Ciel sounded like he wasn t in a very good mood. Ciel, lightenRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1287 Words   |  6 Pages In the morning, Caireann woke me up. She stood above my bed, shaking my shoulder. I opened my eyes, looking at her. Then I looked across the room to her empty bed. Andy s empty bed sat in the corner. I swallowed, climbing out of bed. Sleep well? Caireann asked me, starting out the door. Yeah, I said, going over to our small dresser. I had the bottom two drawers. Andy had the middle two, and Caireann had the top. I pulled open the drawers, pulling on a colorful tank top and a grayRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1345 Words   |  6 PagesLater that night, I was behind the wheel of my G-Wagon with Melissa in the passenger seat. She didn’t feel like driving since she was on the road all day and I understood so I didn’t mind when she asked me to. I had been tight-lipped. She kept eyeballing me as if she detected that something was bothering me but I just kept singing to my India Arie as if I was carefree. â€Å"So are you going to tell me what’s going on or no† Melissa said disrupting my own personal concert. I stopped singing and tookRead MoreDescriptive Essay - Original Writing1085 Words   |  5 PagesI WAS SITTING IN a taxi, wondering if I had overdressed for the evening, when I looked out the window and saw Mom rooting through a Dumpster. It was just after dark. A blustery March wind whipped the steam coming out of the manholes, and people hurried along the sidewalks with their collars turned up. I was stuck in traffic two blocks from the party where I was heading. Mom stood fifteen feet away. She had tied rags around her shoulders to keep out the spring chill and was picking through the trash

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Utilitarian Ethics Free Essays

OPTION â€Å"A† Write a ‘contrast’ essay dealing with the major distinction between utilitarian and deontological reasoning. Make reference to all relevant aspects of the two positions including the ‘act’ and ‘rule’ versions along with pertinent examples that clarify your answer. The major distinction between Emmanual Kant’s deontological reasoning and Mill’s utilitarian reasonsing is that deontological reasoning refers to duty, which is usually determined without regard to circumstances or consequences where as utilitarian reasoning always considers circumstances and consequences. We will write a custom essay sample on Utilitarian Ethics or any similar topic only for you Order Now A good case can be made that classic deontological theories, like Kan’t categorical imperative, are just utilitarian theories very well disguised. Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism is an ethical system that is most often attributed to philosophers such as John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. Utilitarianism believes that the most ethical thing to do is to maximize the happiness within a society. Utilitarian’s believe that actions have calculable outcomes and that ethical choices have outcomes which lead to the most happiness to the most members of a society. Utilitarianism is often considered a consequentialist philosophical outlook because it both believes that outcomes can be predicted and because it judges actions based on their outcomes. Thus, utilitarianism is often associated with the phrase ‘the ends justify the means. ‘ Deontology: Deontology is an alternative ethical system that is usually attributed to the philosophical tradition of Immanuel Kant. Whereas utilitarianism focuses on the outcomes, or ends, of actions, deontology demands that the actions, or means, themselves must be ethical. Deontologists argue that there are transcendent ethical norms and truths that are universally applicable to all people. Deontology holds that some actions are immoral regardless of their outcomes; these actions are wrong in and of themselves. Kant gives a categorical imperative to act morally at all times. The categorical imperative demands that humans act in a way that their actions can be universalized into a general rule of nature. Kant believes that all people come to moral conclusions about right and wrong based on rational thought. Deontology is roughly associated with the maxim ‘the means must justify the ends. ‘ The conflict illustrated: A classic example illustrates the conflict between these two ethical systems. Suppose an evil villain holds you and ten other people at gunpoint and tells you that she will kill all ten of your fellow prisoners unless you kill one of them yourself. You have no doubts about the veracity of the villain’s threats; you believe fully that she will do as she says she will. Therefore, you have two options. The first option is to kill one of the ten people to save the lives of the other nine. The other option is to do nothing and watch the villain kill all ten people. Utilitarians would most likely conclude that you should kill the one person because it has the most beneficial outcome. Deontologists would most likely conclude that you should not kill the one person because killing another person is wrong as a universal moral truth. Utilitarianism’s answers to deontology: Utilitarianism’s first answer to deontology is to say that there are no ‘universal moral truths. Such truths are difficult, if not impossible, to ascertain. On the other hand, the benefits and disadvantages of actions are much more easily calculated. Thus, rather than relying on amorphous, vague moral truths to guide action we should look to more concrete ways of determining the ethics of a particular act. Also, utilitarianism would argue that deontology leads to morally untenable outcomes, such as i n the example above. Utilitarians would argue that the outcome of ten deaths is much less desirable than one. Thus, we should always look to the ends rather than the means to determine whether an act is ethical or not. Deontology’s answers to utilitarianism: Deontology’s first answer to utilitarianism is to say that the ends are illusory. That is, it is impossible to predict the outcomes of one’s actions with absolute certainty. The only thing one can be sure of is whether his or her actions are ethical or not based on the categorical imperative. Additionally, deontologists believe that we can only be responsible for our own actions and not the ctions of others. Thus, in the example above you are only responsible for your decision whether to kill the prisoner or not; the villain is the one making the unethical choice to kill the rest of the prisoners. One is only responsible for following the categorical imperative. Finally, deontologists argue that utilitarianism devolves into dangerous moral relativism where human beings are allowed to justify heinous acts on the groun ds that their outcomes are beneficial. How to cite Utilitarian Ethics, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

James Jerome Hill Essay Example

James Jerome Hill Essay James J. Hill was a self-made millionaire; through hard work and determination he came back from losing an eye to becoming the Railroad Tycoon.Hill went through many professions and dreams, but it was the railroad and his family that stole his heart forever.Among other things Hill wanted to be a doctor, a steamboat officer, and of course a Railroad Tycoon.However what set him apart from the crown was his ability to do what all others had failed, to build a population around a railroad, and not a railroad around the population. James J. Hill was born on September 16, 1838 in Rockwood, Ontario.When he was very young Hill was shot in the eye with an arrow leaving him permanently blind in one eye.James J. Hill then moved to St. Paul, at the age of 18, determined to be a trapper, but he soon became fond of the city, and decided to start a steamboat company.James. J. Hill then went on to marry Mary Theresa Mehegan, together they had 10 children, of which 1 died at infancy.They had 3 boys l eaving 7 girls.James J. Hill died in St. Paul, MN on May 29, 1916 at the age of 77 years old. The death of James J. Hills father interrupted his early education, but later he returned to school at Rockwood Academy, who gave him free tuition.Between the time his father died and the time he returned to school, he was working to help support his struggling family, as a clerk at the age of 14. James J. Hillsfirst job was as a clerk, this taught him how to use and invest money to make the greatest profits.He then went on to work as an agent for the St. Paul and Pacific Railroad.Here he realized that the wood that they were using for fuel was not as efficient as coal.So he and other set up a fuel, freighting, merchandising, and warehouse company known as Hill, Griggs, Company.This company had a well-established monopoly over the fuel business in St. Paul and the nearby region.He then set up a steamboat business th